Ubuntu is a complete Linux operating system, freely available with both community and professional support. Ubuntu is suitable for both desktop and server use. The current Ubuntu release supports many architectures: Intel x86 (IBM-compatible PC), AMD64 (x86-64), ARMv7, ARMv8.
Ubuntu includes thousands of pieces of software, starting with the Linux kernel version 4.15 and GNOME 3.28, and covering every standard desktop application from word processing and spreadsheet applications to internet access applications, web server software, email software, programming languages and tools and of course several games. For more information please access the official website: Ubuntu.com
Install basic development tools
The Build Essential package group provides the GNU Compiler Collection (GCC), GNU Debugger (GDB), and other related development tools.
Git is the most popular version control system on Linux. It is easy to use, amazingly fast, it’s very efficient with large projects, and it has an incredible branching system for non-linear development.
Ubuntu comes with both Python 2.7 and Python 3.5 by default. You can install Python 3.6 along with them via a third-party PPA by doing the following steps: